Check List 18(1): 85-90, doi: 10.15560/18.1.85
New records and a significant range extension of the recently described Pelexia vinosa A.W.C. Ferreira, M.I.S. Lima & Pansarin (Orchidaceae) in southernmost Brazil
expand article infoTângela Denise Perleberg, Ana Paula Thiel§, Gustavo Crizel Gomes|, Henrique Noguez da Cunha
‡ Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia Sul-rio-grandense, Pelotas, Brazil§ Escola Municipal de Ensino Fundamental São Luís Gonzaga, Canguçu, Brazil| Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Capão do Leão, Brazil¶ Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Santa Maria, Brazil
Open Access

We present new records for Pelexia vinosa A.W.C. Ferreira, M.I.S. Lima & Pansarin, a Brazilian terricolous orchid described in 2012 and at that moment known only from the type population and considered endemic to the state of São Paulo. We report the occurrence of populations in seasonal semideciduous forest fragments at three locations in the southernmost Rio Grande do Sul state, Brazil. This would mean that the species distribution is extended by ca. 1,500 km in a straight line from previous records. We also reassess the conservation status of P. vinosa as Endangered.

Conservation status, flora of Rio Grande do Sul, Pampa phytogeographical domain, seasonal semideciduous forest, Spiranthinae