Check List 17(6): 1681-1714, doi: 10.15560/17.6.1681
Fishes of the Mfimi River in the central Congo basin of the Democratic Republic of Congo. Kasai ecoregion or part of the Cuvette Centrale?
expand article infoMelanie L. J. Stiassny, S. Elizabeth Alter§, Tobit L. D. Liyandja|, Myriam Y. Modimo, Raoul J. C. Monsembula Iyaba
‡ American Museum of Natural History, New York, United States of America§ California State University, Monterey Bay, Seaside, United States of America| American Museum of Natural History, New York City, United States of America¶ University of Kinshasa, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo
Open Access

Despite the cultural and economic importance of fisheries to communities in the region, the Mfimi is one of the least well-documented river systems in the central Congo basin. Here we present a preliminary listing of species collected during two surveys sampling 35 sites along the main channel, in major tributaries, and in some marginal habitats. A total of 2195 specimens representing 141 species were collected and archived at the American Museum of Natural History, New York, and in the teaching collections of the University of Kinshasa. Five species are considered as potentially new to science, and range extensions of numerous species into the Mfimi are recorded. Based on the data presented we conclude that the fish communities in the Mfimi share affinities with those of the Cuvette Centrale to the north, rather than the Kasai basin with which the river is currently connected via an inflow at the Kwa-Kasai junction.

Central Africa, fish diversity, biogeographic affinities