Check List 12(5): e19577, doi: 10.15560/12.5.1975
Plant communities on the islands of two Altiplanic salt lakes in the Andean region of Bolivia
expand article infoAlejandro Coca-Salazar, Huber Villca§, Mauricio Torrico, Fernando D. Alfaro|
‡ Centro de Biodiversidad y Genética, Universidad Mayor de San Simón, Bolivia§ Museo de Historia Natural Alcides D’Orbigni, Bolivia| Universidad Pontificia Católica de Chile, Chile
Open Access
This paper reports a quantitative survey of the composition, diversity and structure of the plant communities on six islands of Uyuni and Coipasa salt lakes (Bolivia). Plant communities on each island were examined via the use of 10 transects, along which species richness and abundance were recorded. Seventy-one species were found in total, representing pteridophytes (6%), gymnosperms (1%), monocotyledons (14%) and dicotyledons (79%). About 21% of the species were endemic or faced some degree of threat. The calculation of Shannon-Wiener α-diversity indices and comparisons of community structure revealed similarities between the islands. Indeed these analyses suggest the existence of a single floral assemblage; however, small differences in the plant communities were visually identified during fieldwork. These islands are home to a considerable subset of the Altiplano’s flora and appear to have been little disturbed. They should therefore be the subject of surveillance/conservation programs. 
Coipasa salt lake; Uyuni salt lake; community structure; floral composition