Check List 12(4): e19536, doi: 10.15560/12.4.1934
First record along the Uruguayan coast of the largest sea nettle jellyfish, Chrysaora plocamia (Lesson, 1830) (Cnidaria: Scyphozoa)
expand article infoSérgio N. Stampar, Fernanda C. Rosa, Leonardo Ortega, Valentina Leoni, Fabrizio Scarabino, Julia S. Beneti, Martin Abreu, André C. Morandini
‡ Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP), Brazil
Open Access
Chrysaora plocamia is one of the 15 species of the jellyfish genus Chrysaora. This species has an unusual distribution pattern, occurring on both Atlantic and Pacific coasts of South America. It is distributed along the southeastern Pacific Ocean, encompassing coastal areas of Peru and Chile, and reaching the Patagonian coast of Argentina in the southwestern Atlantic. During two separate events, two large specimens of Chrysaora were collected on the east coast of Uruguay at La Paloma. Based on morphology and molecular data, these specimens were identified as Chrysaora plocamia. These records are de­scribed along with oceanographic features observed at that time. Unusual oceanographic and atmospheric conditions may explain the presence of these specimens 1,100 km north of the current northernmost known distribution.
taxonomy; oceanography; South Atlantic